Publications

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  1. Vella, M.R., Gunning, C.E., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2017) Evaluating strategies for reversing CRISPR-Cas9 gene drives. Scientific Reports. 7: 11038. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10633-2 PDF
  2. Yakob, L., Lloyd, A.L., Kao, R., Ferguson, H.M., Brock, P., Drakeley, C. & Bonsall, M. (2017) Plasmodium knowlesi invasion following spread by infected mosquitoes, macaques and humans. Parasitology. In press
  3. Hamilton, F.W., Flores, K.B. & Lloyd, A.L. (2017) Hybrid modeling and prediction of dynamical systems. PLoS Comput. Biol. 13(7): e1005655. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005655
  4. Hamilton, F., Setzer, B., Chavez, S., Tran, H. & Lloyd, A.L. (2017) Adaptive filtering for hidden node detection and tracking in networks. Chaos. 27, 073106. doi:10.1063/1.4990985
  5. Usaini, S., Lloyd, A.L., Anguelov, R. & Garba, S.M. (2017) Dynamical behavior of an epidemiological model with a demographic Allee effect. Math. Comput. Simul. 133, 311. doi:10.1016/j.matcom.2016.04.010 PDF
  6. Legros, M., Otero, M., Aznar, V.R., Solari, H., Gould, F. & Lloyd, A.L. (2016) Comparison of two detailed models of Aedes aegypti population dynamics. Ecosphere. 7(10):e01515 PDF Supp. Info. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1515
  7. Monaghan, A.J., Morin, C.W., Steinhoff, D.F., Wilhelmi, O.V., Hayden, M., Quattrochi, D.A., Reiskind, M.H., Lloyd, A.L., Smith, K., Schmidt, C.A., Scalf, P.E. & Ernst, K.C. (2016) On the seasonal occurrence and abundance of the Zika virus vector mosquito Aedes aegypti in the contiguous United States. PLoS Currents Outbreaks.
    doi:10.1371/currents.outbreaks.50dfc7f46798675fc63e7d7da563da76 LINK
  8. Okamoto, K.W., Gould, F. & Lloyd, A.L. (2016). Integrating transgenic vector manipulation with clinical interventions to manage vector-borne diseases. PLoS Comput. Biol. 12(3): e1004695. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004695 PDF
  9. Breen, M., Villeneuve, D.L., Ankley, G.T., Bencic, D., Breen, M.S., Watanabe, K.H., Lloyd, A.L. & Conolly, R.B. (2016). Computational model of the fathead minnow hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis: Incorporating protein synthesis in improving predictability of responses to endocrine active chemicals. Comparat. Biochem. Physiol. C. 183-184:36-45.
    doi:10.1016/j.cbpc.2016.02.002 PDF
  10. Vazquez-Prokopec, G.M., Perkins, T.A., Waller, L.A., Lloyd, A.L., Reiner, R.C., Scott, T.W. & Kitron, U. (2016). Coupled heterogeneities and their impact on parasite transmission and control. Trends Parasitol.   32:356–367. doi:10.1016/j.pt.2016.01.001 PDF
  11. Heesterbeek, H., Anderson, R.M, Andreasen, V., Bansal, S., De Angelis, D., Dye, C., Eames, K.T.D., Edmunds, W.J., Frost, S.D.W., Funk, S., Hollingsworth, T.D., House, T., Isham, V., Klepac, P., Lessler, J., Lloyd-Smith, J.O., Metcalf, C.J.E., Mollison, D., Pellis, L., Pulliam, J.R.C., Roberts, M.G., Viboud, C. & The Isaac Newton Institute IDD Collaboration (2015). Modeling infectious disease dynamics in the complex landscape of global health. Science 347:aaa4339. doi:10.1126/science.aaa4339
  12. Lessler, J., Edmunds, W.J., Halloran, M.E., Hollingsworth, T.D. & Lloyd, A.L. (2015). Seven challenges for model-driven data collection in experimental and observational studies. Epidemics 10: 78-82. PDF doi:10.1016/j.epidem.2014.12.002
  13. Roberts, M., Andreasen, V., Lloyd, A. & Pellis, L. (2015). Nine challenges for deterministic epidemic models. Epidemics 10: 49-53. doi:10.1016/j.epidem.2014.09.006 PDF
  14. Hollingsworth, T.D., Pulliam, J.R.C., Funk, S., Truscott, J.E., Isham, V. & Lloyd, A.L. (2015). Seven challenges for modelling indirect transmission: vector-borne diseases, macroparasites and neglected tropical diseases. Epidemics 10: 16-20. doi:10.1016/j.epidem.2014.08.007 PDF
  15. Britton, T., House, T., Lloyd, A.L., Mollison, D., Riley, S. & Trapman, P. (2015). Eight challenges for stochastic epidemic models involving global transmission. Epidemics 10: 54-57. PDF
  16. Robert, M.A., Okamoto, K.W., Gould, F. & Lloyd, A.L. (2014). Anti-pathogen genes and the replacement of disease-vectoring mosquito populations: a model-based evaluation. Evol. Applic. 7:1238–1251. doi:10.1111/eva.12219 PDF Supp. Info.
  17. Guerra, C.A., Reiner, R.C., Perkins, T.A., Lindsay, S.W., Midega, J., Brady, O.J., Barker, C.M., Reisen, W.K., Harrington, L.C., Taken, W., Kitron, U., Lloyd, A.L., Hay, S.I., Scott, T.W. & Smith, D.L. (2014). An assembly of adult female mosquito mark-release-recapture data to inform vector-borne pathogen transmission models. Parasites and Vectors. 7:276. doi:10.1186/1756-3305-7-276 PDF
  18. Reiner, R.C., Stoddard, S.T., Forshey, B.M., King, A.A., Ellis, A.M., Lloyd, A.L., Long, K.C., Rocha, C., Vilcarromero, S., Astete, H, Bazan, I., Lenhart, A., Vazquez-Prokopec, G.M., Paz-Soldan, V.A., McCall, P.J., Kitron, U., Elder, J.P., Halsey, E.S., Morrison, A., Kochel, T.J., Scott. T.W. (2014). Time-varying, serotype-specific force of infection estimates for dengue virus using 12 years of longitudinal serological data from Iquitos, Peru. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 111: E2694-E2702. doi:10.1073/pnas.1314933111 PDF PDF with Supp. Info.
  19. Okamoto, K.W., Robert, M.A., Gould, F. & Lloyd, A.L. (2014). Feasible introgression of an anti-pathogen transgene into an urban mosquito population without using gene-drive. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis. 8(7): e2827. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002827 PDF Supp. Info.
  20. Smith, D.L., Perkins, T.A., Reiner, R.C., Barker, C.M., Niu, T., Chaves, L.F., Ellis, A.M., George, D.B., Le Menach, A., Pulliam, J.R.C., Bisanzio, D., Buckee, C., Chiyaka, C., Cummings, D.A.T., Garcia, A.J., Gatton, M.L., Gething, P.W., Hartley, D.M., Johnston, G., Klein, E.Y., Michael, E., Lloyd, A.L., Piggot, D.M., Reisen, W.K., Ruktanonchai, N., Singh, B.K., Stoller, J., Tatem, A.J., Kitron, U., Godfray, H.C.J., Cohen, J.M., Hay, S.I. & Scott, T.W. (2014). Recasting the Theory of Mosquito-Borne Pathogen Transmission Dynamics and Control. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 108, 185-197. DOI:10.1093/trstmh/tru026 PDF
  21. Yarmand, H., Ivy, J.S., Denton, B. & Lloyd, A.L. (2014). Optimal Two-Phase Vaccine Allocation to Geographically Different Regions under Uncertainty. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 233, 208-219.
  22. Okamoto, K.W., Robert, M.A., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2013). A Reduce and Replace strategy for suppressing vector-borne diseases: Insights from a stochastic, spatial model. PLoS ONE 8(12):e81860. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0081860 PDF.
  23. Legros, M., Xu, C., Morrison, A., Scott, T.W., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2013). Modeling the dynamics of a non-limited and a self-limited gene drive system in structured Aedes aegypti populations. PLoS ONE 8: e83354. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0083354 PDF
  24. Scholle, S.O., Ypma, R.J.F., Lloyd, A.L. & Koelle, K. (2013). Viral substitution rate variation can arise from the interplay between within-host and epidemiological dynamics. Am. Nat. 182, 494-513.
  25. Robert, M.A., Okamoto, K., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2013). A Reduce and Replace strategy for suppressing vector-borne diseases: Insights from a deterministic model. PLoS ONE 8(9): e73233. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0073233 PDF Supp. Info.
  26. Walsh, R.K., Aguilar, C.L., Facchinelli, L., Valerio, L., Ramsey, J.M., Scott, T.W., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2013). Regulation of Aedes aegypti population dynamics in field systems: Quantifying direct and delayed density dependence. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 89, 68-77. DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.12-0378
  27. Breen, M., Villeneuve, D.L., Ankley, G.T., Bencic, D.C., Breen, M.S., Watanabe, K.H., Lloyd, A.L. & Conolly, R.B. (2013). Developing Predictive Approaches to Characterize Adaptive Responses of the Reproductive Endocrine Axis to Aromatase Inhibition: II. Computational Modeling. Toxicol. Sci. 133, 234-247.
  28. Reiner, R.C., Perkins, T.A., Barker, C.M., Niu, T., Chaves, L.F., Ellis, A.M., George, D.B., Le Menach, A., Pulliam, J.R.C., Bisanzio, D., Buckee, C., Chiyaka, C., Cummings, D.A.T., Garcia, A.J., Gatton, M.L., Gething, P.W., Hartley, D.M., Johnston, G., Klein, E.Y., Michael, E., Lindsay, S.W., Lloyd, A.L., Piggot, D.M., Reisen, W.K., Ruktanonchai, N., Singh, B.K., Tatem, A.J., Kitron, U., Hay, S.I., Scott, T.W., & Smith, D.L. (2013). A systematic review of mathematical models of mosquito-borne pathogen transmission: 1970-2010. J. R. Soc. Interface. 10: 20120291. PDF
  29. Facchinelli, L., Valerio, L., Ramsey, J.M., Gould, F., Walsh, R.K., Bond, G., Robert, M.A., Lloyd, A.L., James, A.A., Alphey, L. & Scott, T.W. (2013). Field cage studies and progressive evaluation of genetically-engineered mosquitoes. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis. 7(1): e2001. PDF
  30. Legros, M., Xu, C., Okamoto, K., Scott, T.W., Morrison, A.C., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2012). Assessing the feasibility of controlling Aedes aegypti with transgenic methods: A model-based evaluation. PLoS ONE 7(12): e52235. PDF
  31. Robert, M.A., Legros, M., Facchinelli, L., Valerio, L., Ramsey, J.M., Scott, T.W., Gould, F. & Lloyd, A.L. (2012). Mathematical models as aids for design and interpretation of experiments: The case of transgenic mosquitoes. J. Med. Entomol. 49, 1177-1188.
    PDF Supplementary information: Appendix 1, Appendix 2
  32. Capaldi, A., Behrend, S., Berman, B., Smith, J. & Lloyd, A.L. (2012). Parameter estimation and uncertainty quantification for an epidemic model. Math. Biosci. Eng. 9, 553-576. PDF
  33. Durrett, R., Gleeson, J.P., Lloyd, A.L., Mucha, P.J., Shi, F., Sivakoff, D., Socolar, J. & Varghese, C. (2012). Graph fission in an evolving voter model. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 109, 3682-3687. PDF
  34. Walker, T., Johnson, P.H., Moreira, L.A., Iturbe-Ormaetxe, I., Frentiu, F.D., McMeniman, C.J., Leong, Y.S., Dong, Y., Axford, J., Kriesner, P., Lloyd, A.L, Ritchie, S.A., O’Neill, S.L. & Hoffmann, A.A. (2011). The wMel Wolbachia strain blocks dengue and invades caged Aedes aegypti populations. Nature 456, 450-453.
  35. Huang, Y., Lloyd, A.L., Legros, M. & Gould, F. (2011). Gene-drive into insect populations with age and spatial structure: A theoretical assessment. Evol. Applic. 4(3), 415-428.doi:10.1111/j.1752-4571.2010.00153.x
  36. Breen, M., Breen, M.S., Terasaki, N. Yamazaki, M., Lloyd, A.L. & Conolly, R.B. (2011). Mechanistic computational model of steroidogenesis in H295R cells: Role of oxysterols and cell proliferation to improve predictability of biochemical response to endocrine active chemicals. Toxicol. Sci. 123(1), 80-93.
  37. Legros, M., Magori, K., Morrison, A.C., Xu, C., Scott, T.W., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2011). Evaluation of location-specific predictions by a detailed simulation model of Aedes aegypti populations. PLoS ONE 6(7), e22701. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022701 PDF
  38. Ward, C.M., Su, J.T., Huang, Y., Lloyd, A.L., Gould, F. & Hay, B.A. (2011). Medea selfish genetic elements as tools for altering traits of wild populations: A theoretical analysis. Evolution. 65(4), 1149-1162. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.01186.x
  39. Xu, C., Legros, M., Gould, F. & Lloyd, A.L. (2010). Understanding uncertainties in model-based predictions of the population dynamics of Aedes aegypti. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis. 4(9), e830. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000830 PDF Supplementary information
  40. Arauz, L.F., Neufeld, K.N., Lloyd, A.L. & Ojiambo, P.S. (2010). Quantitative models for germination and infection of Psuedoperonospora cubensis in response to temperature and duration of leaf wetness. Phytopathology 100, 959-967.
  41. Conlan, A.J.K., Rohani, P., Lloyd, A.L., Keeling, M. & Grenfell, B.T. (2010). Resolving the impact of waiting time distributions on the persistence of measles. J. R. Soc. Interface. 7, 561-571.
  42. Magori, K., Legros, M., Puente, M.E., Focks, D.A., Scott, T.W., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2009). Skeeter Buster: a stochastic, spatially-explicit modeling tool for studying Aedes aegypti population replacement and population suppression strategies. PLoS Negl. Trop. Dis. 3, e508. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000508 PDF Supplementary Information.
  43. Sattenspiel, S., with contributions from A. Lloyd, (2009). The Geographic Spread of Infectious Diseases. Models and Applications. Princeton University Press.
  44. Lloyd, A.L. & Sattenspiel, L. (2009). Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Measles: Synchrony and Persistence in a Disease Metapopulation. In: Spatial Ecology, S. Cantrell, C. Cosner and S. Ruan (eds.), Chapman and Hall.
  45. Cintron-Arias, A., Banks, H.T., Capaldi, A. & Lloyd, A.L. (2009). A sensitivity matrix based methodology for inverse problem formulation. J. Inv. Ill-posed Problems. 17, 545-564.
  46. Lloyd, A.L. (2009). Sensitivity of Model-Based Epidemiological Parameter Estimation to Model Assumptions. Chapter 6, pages 123-141. In: Mathematical and Statistical Estimation Approaches in Epidemiology, G. Chowell, M. Hyman, L. Bettencourt and C. Castillo-Chavez (eds.), Springer.
  47. Legros, M., Lloyd, A.L., Huang, Y. & Gould, F. (2009). Density-dependent intraspecific competition in the larval stage of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae): Revisiting the current paradigm. J. Med. Entomol. 46, 409-419.
  48. Huang, Y., Lloyd, A.L., Legros, M. & Gould, F. (2009). Invasion of selfish genetic elements into age-structured populations. Evol. Applications 2, 143-159. doi:10.1111/j.1752-4571.2008.00049.x PDF
  49. Cintron-Arias, A., Castillo-Chavez, C., Bettencourt, L.M.A., Lloyd, A.L. & Banks, H.T. (2009). The estimation of the effective reproductive number from disease outbreak data. Math. Biosci. Eng. 6, 261-282. PDF
  50. Gould, F., Huang, Y., Legros, M. & Lloyd, A.L. (2008). A Killer-Rescue system for self-limiting gene-drive of anti-pathogen constructs. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 275, 2823-2829. PDF Supplementary information.
  51. Lloyd, A.L., Zhang, J. & Root, A.M. (2007). Stochasticity and heterogeneity in host-vector models. J. Roy. Soc. Interface 4, 851-863. PDF Supplementary information.
  52. Huang, Y., Magori, K., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2007). Introducing transgenes into insect populations using combined gene-drive strategies: Modeling and analysis. Insect Biochem. Molecular Biol. 37, 1054-1063. PDF
  53. Bai, P., Banks, H.T., Dediu, S., Govan, A.Y., Last, M., Lloyd, A.L., Nguyen, H.K., Olufsen, M.S., Rempala, G. & Slenning, B.D. (2007). Stochastic and deterministic models for agricultural production networks. Math. Biosci. Eng. 4, 373-402. PDF
  54. Huang, Y., Magori, K., Lloyd, A.L. & Gould, F. (2007). Introducing desirable transgenes into insect populations using Y-linked meiotic drive- A theoretical assessment. Evolution 61, 717-726. PDF
  55. Lloyd, A.L. & Valeika, S. (2007). Network Models in Epidemiology: An Overview. In: Complex Population Dynamics: Nonlinear Modeling in Ecology, Epidemiology and Genetics, B. Blasius, J. Kurths and L. Stone (eds.), World Scientific. PDF (uncorrected preprint)
  56. Lloyd, A.L., Valeika, S. & Cintron-Arias, A. (2006) Infection Dynamics on Small-World Networks. In: Modeling the Dynamics of Human Diseases: Emerging Paradigms and Challenges, A.B. Gumel, C. Castillo-Chavez and D.P. Clemence (eds.), AMS. PDF (uncorrected preprint)
  57. Lloyd, A.L. & Wodarz, D. (2006). Drug Resistance in Acute Viral Infections: Rhinovirus as a Case Study. In: Disease evolution: Models, Concepts, and Data Analyses, Z. Feng, U. Diekmann and S. Levin (eds.), AMS/DIMACS. PDF (uncorrected preprint)
  58. Sabouri, A.H., Saito, M., Lloyd, A.L., Vine, A.M., Witkover, A.W., Furukawa, Y., Izumo, S., Marshall, S.E.F, Usuku, K., Bangham, C.R.M. & Osame, M. (2004) IL-10 Promoter gene single nucleotide polymorphism determines both provirus load of human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) in infected individuals and the risk of HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). J. Inf. Dis. 190, 1279-1285. PDF
  59. Wodarz, D., & Lloyd, A.L. (2004). Immune responses and the emergence of drug-resistant virus strains in vivo. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 271, 1101-1109. PDF
  60. Lloyd, A.L. (2004). Estimating variability in models for recurrent epidemics: assessing the use of moment closure techniques. Theor. Popul. Biol. 65, 49-65. PDF
  61. Lloyd, A.L., & Jansen, V.A.A. (2004). Spatiotemporal dynamics of epidemics: synchrony in metapopulation models. Math. Biosci. 188, 1-16. PDF
  62. Vine, A.M., Witkover, A.D., Lloyd, A.L., Jeffery, K.J., Siddiqui, A., Marshall, S.E., Bunce, M., Eiraku, N., Izumo, S., Usuku, K., Osame, M., & Bangham, C.R. (2002). Polygenic control of Human T Lymphotropic Virus type I (HTLV-I) provirus load and the risk of HTLV-I-associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis. J. Infect. Dis. 186, 932-9. PDF
  63. Gravenor, M.B., Lloyd, A.L., Kremsner, P.G., Missinou, M.A., English, M., Marsh, K., & Kwiatkowski, D. (2002). A model for estimating total parasite load in falciparum malaria patients. J. Theor. Biol. 217 , 137-148. PDF
  64. May, R.M., & Lloyd, A.L. (2001). Infection dynamics on scale-free networks. Phys. Rev. E. 64, 066112. PDF
  65. Lloyd, A.L. (2001). Realistic distributions of infectious periods in epidemic models: changing patterns of persistence and dynamics. Theor. Popul. Biol. 60, 59-71. PDF
  66. Lloyd, A.L., & May, R.M. (2001). How viruses spread among computers and people. Science 292, 1316-1317.
  67. Lloyd, A.L. (2001). Destabilization of epidemic models with the inclusion of realistic distributions of infectious periods. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 268, 985-993. PDF online appendix
  68. Lloyd, A.L. (2001). The dependence of viral parameter estimates on the assumed viral life cycle: limitations of studies of viral load data. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 268, 847-854. PDF
  69. Jeffery, K.J.M., Siddiqui, A.A., Bunce, M., Lloyd, A.L., Vine, A.M., Witkover, A.D., Izumo, S., Usuku, K., Welsh, K.I., Osame, M., & Bangham, C.R.M. (2000). The influence of HLA class I alleles and heterozygosity on the outcome of human T cell lymphotropic virus type T infection. J. Immunol. 165, 7278-7284. PDF
  70. Jansen, V.A.A., & Lloyd, A.L. (2000). Local stability analysis of spatially homogeneous solutions of multi-patch systems. J. Math. Biol. 41, 232-252. PDF
  71. Masel, J., Arnaout, R.A., O’Brien, T.R., Goedert, J.J., & Lloyd, A.L. (2000). Fluctuations in HIV-1 viral load are correlated to CD4(+) T- lymphocyte count during the natural course of infection. JAIDS 23, 375-379.
  72. Barchet, W., Oehen, S., Klenerman, P., Wodarz, D., Bocharov, G., Lloyd, A.L., Nowak, M.A., Hengartner, H., Zinkernagel, R.M., & Ehl, S. (2000). Direct quantitation of rapid elimination of viral antigen-positive lymphocytes by antiviral CD8(+) T cells in vivo. Eur. J. Immunol. 30, 1356-1363. PDF
  73. Lloyd, A.L., & May, R.M. (1999) Synchronicity, chaos and population cycles: spatial coherence in an uncertain world. Trends Ecol. Evol. 14, 417-418. PDF
  74. Arnaout, R.A., Lloyd, A.L., O’Brien, T.R., Goedert, J.J., Leonard, J.M., & Nowak, M.A. (1999). A simple relationship between viral load and survival time in HIV-1 infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 11549-11553. PDF
  75. Haydon, D.T., & Lloyd, A.L. (1999). On the origins of the Lotka-Volterra Equations. Bull. Ecol. Soc. America 80, 205-206. PDF
  76. Jeffery, K.J.M., Usuku, K., Hall, S.E., Matsumoto, W., Taylor, G.P., Procter, J., Bunce, M., Ogg, G.S., Welsh, K.I., Weber, J.N., Lloyd, A.L., Nowak, M.A., Nagai, M., Kodama, D., Izumo, S., Osame, M., & Bangham, C.R.M. (1999). HLA alleles determine human T-lymphotropic virus-I (HTLV-I) proviral load and the risk of HTLV-I-associated myelopathy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96, 3848-3853. PDF
  77. Wodarz, D., Lloyd, A.L., Jansen, V.A.A., & Nowak, M.A. (1999). Dynamics of macrophage and T cell infection by HIV. J. Theor. Biol. 196, 101-113. PDF
  78. Gravenor, M.B., & Lloyd, A.L. (1998). Reply to: Models for the in-host dynamics of malaria revisited: errors in some basic models lead to large overestimates of growth rates. Parasitology 117, 409-410. PDF
  79. Chun, T.W., Stuyver, L., Mizell, S.B., Ehler, L.A., Mican, J.A.M., Baseler, M., Lloyd, A.L., Nowak, M.A., & Fauci, A.S. (1997). Presence of an inducible HIV-1 latent reservoir during highly active antiretroviral therapy. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 13193-13197. PDF
  80. Lifson, J.D., Nowak, M.A., Goldstein, S., Rossio, J.L., Kinter, A., Vasquez, G., Wiltrout, T.A., Brown, C., Schneider, D., Wahl, L., Lloyd, A.L., Williams, J., Elkins, W.R., Fauci, A.S., & Hirsch, V.M. (1997). The extent of early viral replication is a critical determinant of the natural history of simian immunodeficiency virus infection. J. Virol. 71, 9508-9514. PDF
  81. Nowak, M.A., Lloyd, A.L., Vasquez, G.M., Wiltrout, T.A., Wahl, L.M., Bischofberger, N., Williams, J., Kinter, A., Fauci, A.S., Hirsch, V.M., & Lifson, J.D. (1997). Viral dynamics of primary viremia and antiretroviral therapy in simian immunodeficiency virus infection. J. Virol. 71, 7518-7525. PDF
  82. Lloyd, A.L., & May, R.M. (1996) Spatial heterogeneity in epidemic models. J. Theor. Biol. 179, 1-11. PDF
  83. Lloyd, A.L., & Lloyd, D. (1995) Chaos- its significance and detection in biology. Biol. Rhythm Res. 26, 233-252.
  84. Lloyd, A.L. (1995). Computing bouts of the prisoner’s dilemma. Sci. Am. 272 (6), 110-115.
  85. Lloyd, A.L. (1995). The coupled logistic map- A simple model for the effects of spatial heterogeneity on population dynamics. J. Theor. Biol. 173, 217-230. PDF
  86. Lloyd, D., & Lloyd, A.L. (1994). Hypothesis- A controlled chaotic attractor constitutes the central oscillator of the circadian clock. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 22, S322.
  87. Lloyd, A.L. (1994). Chaos and forecasting. Trends Ecol. Evol. 9, 244-245.
  88. Lloyd, A.L., & Gravenor, M.B. (1994). Linear filters and nonlinear forecasting. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 256, 157-161. PDF
  89. Mason, D.J., Lloyd, A.L. & Lloyd, D. (1993). An inexpensive infrared growth sensor array for detection of bacterial antibiotic susceptibility. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 111, 251-254.
  90. Lloyd, A.L., & Lloyd, D. (1993). Hypothesis- the central oscillator of the circadian clock is a controlled chaotic attractor. Biosystems 29, 77-85.
  91. Lloyd, D., Lloyd, A.L., & Olsen, L.F. (1992) The cell-division cycle-a physiologically plausible dynamic model can exhibit chaotic solutions. Biosystems 27, 17-24. PDF
  92. Lloyd, D., James, C.J., Lloyd, A.L., Yarlett, N., & Yarlett, N.C. (1987). The effects of oxygen on fermentation in Tritrichomonas fetus KV1 and its variant 1MR-100 with defective hydrogenosomes. J. Gen. Microbiol. 133, 1181-1186.